Skip Navigation Links 
NOAA logo - Click to go to the NOAA home page National Weather Service   NWS logo - Click to go to the NWS home page
Climate Prediction Center

HOME > Monitoring and Data > Oceanic & Atmospheric Data > Northern Hemisphere Teleconnection Patterns > Scandinavia (SCAND)
Map (Positive Phase)

Associated Temperature and Precipitation Patterns

Plotted Historical Time Series

Plotted Recent Monthly Time Series

Historical Index: Monthly tabulated Scandinavia teleconnection index dating back to 1950. Indices are standardized by the 1981-2010 climatology.

Back to contents


The Scandinavia pattern (SCAND) consists of a primary circulation center over Scandinavia, with weaker centers of opposite sign over western Europe and eastern Russia/ western Mongolia. The Scandinavia pattern has been previously referred to as the Eurasia-1 pattern by Barnston and Livezey (1987). The positive phase of this pattern is associated with positive height anomalies, sometimes reflecting major blocking anticyclones, over Scandinavia and western Russia, while the negative phase of the pattern is associated with negative height anomalies in these regions.

The positive phase of the Scandinavia pattern is associated with below-average temperatures across central Russia and also over western Europe. It is also associated with above-average precipitation across central and southern Europe, and below-average precipitation across Scandinavia.

NOAA/ National Weather Service
NOAA Center for Weather and Climate Prediction
Climate Prediction Center
5830 University Research Court
College Park, Maryland 20740
Page Author: Climate Prediction Center Internet Team
Page last modified: January 10, 2012
Information Quality
Privacy Policy
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
About Us
Career Opportunities