During La Niña episodes rainfall is enhanced across the western equatorial Pacific,
Indonesia and the Philippines and is nearly absent across the eastern equatorial Pacific.
Elsewhere, wetter than normal conditions tend to be observed during December-February
(DJF) over northern South America and southern Africa, and during June-August (JJA) over
southeastern Australia. Drier than normal conditions are generally observed along coastal
Ecuador, northwestern Peru and equatorial eastern Africa during DJF, and over southern
Brazil and central Argentina during JJA.
La Niña episodes also contribute to large-scale temperature departures throughout the
world, with most of the affected regions experiencing abnormally cool conditions. Some of
the most prominent temperature departures include: 1) below-normal temperatures during
December-February over southeastern Africa, Japan, southern Alaska and western/central
Canada, and southeastern Brazil; 2) cooler than normal conditions during June-August
across India and southeastern Asia, along the west coast of South America, across the Gulf
of Guinea region, and across northern South America and portions of central America; and
3) warmer than normal conditions during December-February along the Gulf coast of the