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6-10 Day outlooks are issued daily between 3pm & 4pm Eastern Time. All forecasts issued on weekends are completely automated while all weekday outlooks are modified by the forecaster.
 
Please refer to the U.S. Prognostic Discussion for an explanation of terms and symbols used on these maps.


 
 
HOME> Outlook Maps> Prognostic Map Discussion
 
Prognostic Discussions
Valid: Dec 14 - 18, 2016 (6-10 Day Outlook)
Valid: Dec 16 - 22, 2016 (8-14 Day Outlook)
Issued: Dec 08, 2016

PROGNOSTIC DISCUSSION FOR 6 TO 10 AND 8 TO 14 DAY OUTLOOKS 
NWS CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK, MD 
300 PM EST THU DECEMBER 08 2016 
 
6-10 DAY OUTLOOK FOR DEC 14 - 18 2016 
 
TODAY'S MODELS EXHIBIT FAIRLY GOOD AGREEMENT ON THE PREDICTED 500-HPA HEIGHT  
PATTERN. A STRONG RIDGE IS PREDICTED OVER SOUTHWESTERN ALASKA. DOWNSTREAM OF  
THIS RIDGE, CYCLONIC FLOW AND BELOW TO MUCH BELOW NORMAL HEIGHTS ARE PREDICTED  
ACROSS THE NORTHERN CONUS. SLIGHTLY ABOVE NORMAL HEIGHTS ARE FORECAST FARTHER  
TO THE SOUTH OVER THE SOUTHERN TIER OF THE CONUS. ENSEMBLE SPREAD IS MODERATELY  
HIGH OVER THE WESTERN CONUS, WHERE HEIGHTS ARE GENERALLY PREDICTED BY TODAY'S  
MODELS TO BE LOWER RELATIVE TO YESTERDAY'S MODEL SOLUTIONS. ENSEMBLE SPREAD IS  
ALSO MODERATE TO HIGH OVER ALASKA IN ASSOCIATION WITH THE RIDGE PREDICTED OVER  
WESTERN PORTIONS OF THE STATE. THE GREATEST WEIGHT IN TODAY'S MANUAL, 500-HPA  
HEIGHT BLEND WAS GIVEN TO THE 0Z ECMWF ENSEMBLE MEAN SOLUTION BASED ON  
CONSIDERATIONS OF RECENT SKILL AND ON ANALOG CORRELATIONS, WHICH MEASURE HOW  
CLOSELY THE PREDICTED PATTERN MATCHES CASES THAT HAVE OCCURRED IN THE PAST.  
  
BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES ARE STRONGLY FAVORED ACROSS THE NORTHERN TIER OF THE  
CONUS AS WELL AS MUCH OF THE CENTRAL CONUS UNDERNEATH PREDICTED CYCLONIC FLOW AND BELOW NORMAL HEIGHTS. PREDICTED NEAR TO ABOVE NORMAL HEIGHTS LEAD TO ENHANCED PROBABILITIES FOR ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES FOR MUCH OF THE SOUTHWESTERN CONUS AS WELL AS MUCH OF THE FLORIDA PENINSULA. ANOMALOUS NORTHERLY FLOW AHEAD OF THE RIDGE PREDICTED NEAR SOUTHWESTERN ALASKA FAVORS BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES FOR MUCH OF SOUTHERN MAINLAND ALASKA AS WELL AS THE PANHANDLE. HOWEVER, ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES ARE FAVORED UPSTREAM OF THE PREDICTED RIDGE FOR PARTS OF THE ALEUTIANS. ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES ARE ALSO FAVORED FOR EXTREME NORTHERN ALASKA CONSISTENT WITH DYNAMICAL MODEL GUIDANCE. THE RIDGE PREDICTED NEAR SOUTHWESTERN ALASKA AND ASSOCIATED SURFACE HIGH PRESSURE FAVORS A DRY PATTERN OVER MUCH OF SOUTHERN ALASKA. TELECONNECTIONS FROM THE PREDICTED 500-HPA POSITIVE HEIGHT ANOMALY CENTER NEAR SOUTHWESTERN ALASKA FAVORS ABOVE MEDIAN PRECIPITATION DOWNSTREAM OVER MUCH OF THE WEST COAST OF THE CONUS. ENHANCED PROBABILITIES FOR ABOVE MEDIAN PRECIPITATION ARE ALSO INDICATED FOR MUCH OF THE NORTHERN TIER OF THE CONUS AS WELL AS THE EASTERN SEABOARD UNDERNEATH PREDICTED CYCLONIC FLOW. BELOW MEDIAN PRECIPITATION IS FAVORED FOR MUCH OF THE SOUTH-CENTRAL CONUS CONSISTENT WITH BOTH DYNAMICAL MODEL GUIDANCE AND ANALOGS FROM THE MANUAL BLEND. TODAY'S OFFICIAL 500-HPA BLEND CONSISTS OF 20% OF TODAY'S 0Z GFS ENSEMBLE MEAN CENTERED ON DAY 8, 20% OF TODAY'S 6Z GFS ENSEMBLE MEAN CENTERED ON DAY 8, 5% OF TODAY'S OPERATIONAL 0Z GFS CENTERED ON DAY 8, 5% OF TODAY'S OPERATIONAL 6Z GFS CENTERED ON DAY 8, 30% OF TODAY'S 0Z EUROPEAN ENSEMBLE MEAN CENTERED ON DAY 8, 5% OF YESTERDAY'S 12Z EUROPEAN ENSEMBLE MEAN CENTERED ON DAY 7, AND 15% OF TODAY'S 0Z CANADIAN ENSEMBLE MEAN CENTERED ON DAY 8 FORECAST CONFIDENCE FOR THE 6-10 DAY PERIOD: ABOVE AVERAGE, 4 OUT OF 5, DUE TO GOOD OVERALL AGREEMENT AMONG THE VARIOUS MODELS AND TOOLS. 8-14 DAY OUTLOOK FOR DEC 16 - 22 2016 DURING THE 8-14 DAY PERIOD, THE BLOCKING RIDGE FORECAST OVER THE BERING STRAIT IS PREDICTED TO REMAIN. DOWNSTREAM OF THIS RIDGE, CYCLONIC FLOW AND BELOW NORMAL HEIGHTS ARE GENERALLY FORECAST OVER THE NORTHERN CONUS. HOWEVER, THERE ARE SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES AMONG THE MODELS REGARDING THE MAGNITUDE AND AREAL EXTENT OF THE PREDICTED BELOW NORMAL HEIGHTS. TODAY'S GFS AND CANADIAN ENSEMBLE MEANS FORECAST BELOW NORMAL HEIGHTS ACROSS THE NORTHERN THIRD OF THE CONUS WHILE TODAY'S 0Z ECMWF ENSEMBLE MEAN RESTRICTS THE AREAL EXTENT TO THE U.S./CANADIAN BORDER. THE DETERMINISTIC 0Z AND 6Z GFS, MEANWHILE, FORECAST WELL BELOW NORMAL HEIGHTS OVER MOST OF THE CONUS. FARTHER TO THE SOUTH, THE ENSEMBLE MEAN SOLUTIONS PREDICT NEAR TO ABOVE NORMAL HEIGHTS ACROSS THE SOUTHERN TIER OF THE CONUS BUT DIFFER IN THE ORIENTATION OF THE HEIGHT ANOMALY PATTERN. THE 0Z ECMWF ENSEMBLE MEAN FORECASTS THE STRONGEST POSITIVE HEIGHT ANOMALIES OVER THE SOUTHWESTERN CONUS WHILE THE 0Z CANADIAN ENSEMBLE MEAN FORECASTS A TROUGH OVER THE SOUTHWEST AND RIDGING DOWNSTREAM NEAR THE SOUTHEASTERN CONUS. TODAY'S GFS ENSEMBLE MEAN SOLUTIONS GENERALLY REPRESENT A COMPROMISE BETWEEN THE TWO. ENSEMBLE SPREAD IS MODERATELY HIGH ACROSS THE FORECAST DOMAIN, PARTICULARLY OVER THE WESTERN CONUS. THE GREATEST WEIGHTS IN THE WEEK-2 MANUAL HEIGHT BLEND WERE GIVEN TO TODAY'S GEFS AND ECMWF ENSEMBLE MEAN SOLUTIONS BASED ON RECENT SKILL AND ON ANALOG CORRELATIONS. THERE ARE ENHANCED PROBABILITIES FOR BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES FOR MUCH OF THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CONUS UNDERNEATH PREDICTED CYCLONIC FLOW. ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES ARE FAVORED FOR PARTS OF THE SOUTHWESTERN AND SOUTHEASTERN CONUS UNDERNEATH PREDICTED NEAR TO ABOVE NORMAL HEIGHTS. THERE ARE ENHANCED PROBABILITIES FOR BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES FOR MUCH OF SOUTHERN ALASKA (WITH THE EXCEPTION OF THE ALEUTIANS) UNDERNEATH PREDICTED ANOMALOUS, NORTHERLY
500-HPA FLOW. ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES ARE FAVORED FOR PARTS OF THE ALEUTIANS AND NORTHWESTERN ALASKA IN ASSOCIATION WITH PREDICTED RIDGING AND ABOVE NORMAL HEIGHTS.
TELECONNECTIONS FROM THE PREDICTED POSITIVE 500-HPA HEIGHT ANOMALY CENTER NEAR THE BERING STRAIT FAVOR ABOVE MEDIAN PRECIPITATION FOR THE WEST COAST OF THE
CONUS. ENHANCED PROBABILITIES FOR ABOVE MEDIAN PRECIPITATION ARE ALSO INDICATED FOR THE EASTERN CONUS AND THE NORTHERN TIER UNDERNEATH PREDICTED CYCLONIC FLOW. BELOW MEDIAN PRECIPITATION IS FAVORED FOR MUCH OF THE SOUTH-CENTRAL CONUS CONSISTENT WITH DYNAMICAL MODEL GUIDANCE AND ANALOGS FROM THE MANUAL BLEND. NEAR TO BELOW MEDIAN PRECIPITATION IS FAVORED FOR ALASKA IN ASSOCIATION WITH A PREDICTED RIDGE. THE OFFICIAL 8-14 DAY HEIGHT PROG CONSISTS OF: 20% OF TODAY'S 0Z GFS ENSEMBLE MEAN CENTERED ON DAY 11, 20% OF TODAY'S 6Z GFS ENSEMBLE MEAN CENTERED ON DAY 11, 10% OF TODAY'S OPERATIONAL 0Z GFS CENTERED ON DAY 11, 15% OF TODAY'S OPERATIONAL 6Z GFS CENTERED ON DAY 11, 20% OF TODAY'S 0Z EUROPEAN ENSEMBLE MEAN CENTERED ON DAY 11, 5% OF YESTERDAY'S 12Z EUROPEAN ENSEMBLE MEAN CENTERED ON DAY 10, AND 10% OF TODAY'S 0Z CANADIAN ENSEMBLE MEAN CENTERED ON DAY 11 FORECAST CONFIDENCE FOR THE 8-14 DAY PERIOD IS: BELOW AVERAGE, 2 OUT OF 5, DUE TO AMPLITUDE AND PHASING DIFFERENCES AMONG THE MODEL SOLUTIONS AND MODERATELY HIGH SPREAD AMONG THE COMPONENT ENSEMBLE MEMBERS. FORECASTER: SCOTT HANDEL NOTES: AUTOMATED FORECASTS ARE ISSUED ON SATURDAY AND SUNDAY. OCCASIONALLY MANUAL INTERVENTION IS NECESSARY TO ADDRESS QUALITY CONTROL AND CONSISTENCY ISSUES. IN THESE CASES, FORECASTS ARE MANUALLY DRAWN BUT A FULL DISCUSSION IS NOT ISSUED. THE NOTATION FOR THE CATEGORICAL FORECAST INDICATED ON THE MAPS IS THE SAME AS THAT IN THE TABLES: A-ABOVE N-NEAR NORMAL B-BELOW THE TEMPERATURE MAP SHOWS REGIONS WITH > 33% CHANCE OF BEING WARMER (ORANGE, "A"), COLDER (BLUE, "B"), OR CLOSE TO (UNSHADED, "N") HISTORICAL AVERAGE VALUES FOR THE CALENDAR PERIOD OF THE FORECAST (DASHES, "F").  LABELS ON THE SHADED LINES GIVE THE PROBABILITY (> 33%) OF THE MORE LIKELY CATEGORY (B OR A).  PROBABILITY OF N IS ALWAYS < 40%. THE PRECIPITATION MAP SHOWS REGIONS WITH > 33% CHANCE OF BEING WETTER (GREEN, "A"), DRIER (TAN, "B"), OR CLOSE TO (UNSHADED, "N") HISTORICAL MEDIAN VALUES FOR THE CALENDAR PERIOD OF THE FORECAST (DASHES, "INCHES").  LABELS ON THE SHADED LINES GIVE THE PROBABILITY (> 33%) OF THE MORE LIKELY CATEGORY (B OR A).  PROBABILITY OF N IS ALWAYS < 40%. IN THE SOUTHWEST AND OTHER CLIMATOLOGICALLY DRY REGIONS - THERE WILL BE A GREATER THAN 33.3% CHANCE OF NO PRECIPITATION AND OCCASIONALLY EVEN A NORMAL (I.E. MEDIAN) VALUE OF ZERO - ESPECIALLY DURING THE DRY SEASONS.  IN SUCH CASES A FORECAST OF NEAR NORMAL IS EFFECTIVELY A FORECAST OF LITTLE OR NO PRECIPITATION. THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER USES 1981-2010 BASE PERIOD MEANS FOR TEMPERATURE...PRECIPITATION...AND 500-HPA HEIGHTS AS REFERENCE IN THE CLIMATE OUTLOOKS. THE NEXT SET OF LONG-LEAD MONTHLY AND SEASONAL OUTLOOKS WILL BE RELEASED ON DECEMBER 15
ANALOGS TO THE 5 DAY MEAN OBSERVED PATTERN CENTERED 3 DAYS AGO (D-3) FOR THE REGION FROM 20N TO 70N LATITUDE AND 175E TO 60W LONGITUDE INCLUDE THE 5 DAY PERIODS CENTERED ON THE FOLLOWING DATES: 19681221 - 20051202 - 19961219 - 19731126 - 19671219
ANALOGS TO THE 7 DAY MEAN OBSERVED PATTERN CENTERED 4 DAYS AGO (D-4) FOR THE REGION FROM 20N TO 70N LATITUDE AND 175E TO 60W LONGITUDE INCLUDE THE 7 DAY PERIODS CENTERED ON THE FOLLOWING DATES: 20051202 - 19681220 - 19961219 - 19671219 - 19731126 6-10 DAY OUTLOOK TABLE OUTLOOK FOR DEC 14 - 18 2016 STATE TEMP PCPN STATE TEMP PCPN STATE TEMP PCPN WASHINGTON B A OREGON B A NRN CALIF B A SRN CALIF A A IDAHO B A NEVADA A A W MONTANA B A E MONTANA B A WYOMING B A UTAH A A ARIZONA A N COLORADO B A NEW MEXICO A N N DAKOTA B A S DAKOTA B A NEBRASKA B A KANSAS B N OKLAHOMA B B N TEXAS B B S TEXAS N B W TEXAS B B MINNESOTA B A IOWA B A MISSOURI B N ARKANSAS B N LOUISIANA N A WISCONSIN B A ILLINOIS B A MISSISSIPPI B A MICHIGAN B A INDIANA B A OHIO B A KENTUCKY B A TENNESSEE B A ALABAMA N A NEW YORK B A VERMONT B A NEW HAMP B A MAINE B A MASS B A CONN B A RHODE IS B A PENN B A NEW JERSEY B A W VIRGINIA B A MARYLAND B A DELAWARE B A VIRGINIA B A N CAROLINA B A S CAROLINA N A GEORGIA N A FL PNHDL N A FL PENIN A A AK N SLOPE A A AK ALEUTIAN A B AK WESTERN N B AK INT BSN N N AK S INT B B AK SO COAST B B AK PNHDL B B 8-14 DAY OUTLOOK TABLE OUTLOOK FOR DEC 16 - 22 2016 STATE TEMP PCPN STATE TEMP PCPN STATE TEMP PCPN WASHINGTON B A OREGON B A NRN CALIF N A SRN CALIF A A IDAHO B A NEVADA N A W MONTANA B A E MONTANA B A WYOMING B A UTAH N A ARIZONA A A COLORADO N A NEW MEXICO A B N DAKOTA B A S DAKOTA B A NEBRASKA B A KANSAS B N OKLAHOMA B B N TEXAS B B S TEXAS N B W TEXAS A B MINNESOTA B A IOWA B A MISSOURI B N ARKANSAS B N LOUISIANA N A WISCONSIN B A ILLINOIS B A MISSISSIPPI N A MICHIGAN B A INDIANA B A OHIO B A KENTUCKY B A TENNESSEE B A ALABAMA N A NEW YORK B A VERMONT B A NEW HAMP B A MAINE B A MASS B A CONN B A RHODE IS B A PENN B A NEW JERSEY B A W VIRGINIA B A MARYLAND B A DELAWARE B A VIRGINIA B A N CAROLINA B A S CAROLINA N A GEORGIA N A FL PNHDL A A FL PENIN A N AK N SLOPE A N AK ALEUTIAN N B AK WESTERN B B AK INT BSN B N AK S INT B B AK SO COAST B B AK PNHDL B B LEGEND TEMPS WITH RESPECT TO NORMAL PCPN WITH RESPECT TO MEDIAN A - ABOVE N - NEAR NORMAL A - ABOVE N - NEAR MEDIAN B - BELOW B - BELOW THE FORECAST CLASSES REPRESENT AVERAGES FOR EACH STATE. NORMAL VALUES - WHICH MAY VARY WIDELY ACROSS SOME STATES - ARE AVAILABLE FROM YOUR LOCAL WEATHER SERVICE FORECAST OFFICE. FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION SEE MESSAGE FXUS06 KWBC - ON AWIPS AS PMDMRD. $$
 
Related Topics:
Prognostic Discussion, Surface Forecasts, 500mb Heights and Anomalies, Time Series of Surface Forecast Skill, Model Guidance Used Our Mission, Who We Are, CPC Information, CPC Web Team
 

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