wgrib2: selecting messages
Grib files contain many grib messages (records, fields). Often you only want to
process selected fields. With wgrib, you could process all "-d all", specific
message number, "-d N", or by using "grep" and the "-i" option.
wgrib -d all grb writes all records to binary file to "dump"
wgrib -d 10 grb write record 10 to binary file "dump"
wgrib grb | grep ":HGT:" | wgrib -i grb write HGT fields to "dump"
Wgrib2 is very similar. The differences is that "-d all" is gone and writing
to binary file is not a default option.
wgrib2 -bin dump grb write all records to binary file "dump"
wgrib2 -d 10 -bin dump grb write record 10 to binary file "dump"
wgrib2 -d 10.1 -bin dump grb write record 10.1 to binary file "dump"
wgrib2 grb | grep ":HGT:" | wgrib2 -i grb -bin dump write HGT fields to "dump"
wgrib2 -match ":HGT:" grb -bin dump new syntax: write HGT fields to "dump"
One difference is record numbers may have a "decimal point". With grib2, for example,
the U and V winds may be in the same grib2 record. In the wgrib2 notation,
the first submessage would be N.1 (or N) and the second submessage would be N.2.