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Climate Diagnostics Bulletin
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  Tropical Highlights

  Table of Atmospheric Indices  (Table 1)

  Table of Oceanic Indices  (Table 2)

  Time Series

  Time-Longitude Sections

  Mean & Anomaly Fields

  Appendix 1: Outside Contributions

Tropical Highlights

JUNE 2016

The pattern of tropical sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies

Tropical Highlights - June 2016



Sea surface temperatures (SSTs) were near-average across the central and eastern equatorial Pacific during June 2016 (Fig. T18, Table T2). The latest monthly Niņo indices were -0.1°C for the Niņo 3 region, -0.1°C for the Niņo 3.4 region, and +0.3°C for the Niņo 1+2 region (Table T2, Fig. T5). The depth of the oceanic thermocline (measured by the depth of the 20°C isotherm) remained below-average across the central and eastern equatorial Pacific (Figs. T15, T16), and the corresponding sub-surface temperatures were 1-3°C below average (Fig. T17).


Also during June, the upper and lower-level winds were both near-average across the central and eastern equatorial Pacific (Table T1, Figs. T20, T21). Meanwhile, convection was near-average over most of the equatorial Pacific (Figs. T25, E3). Collectively, these oceanic and atmospheric anomalies reflect a transition from El Niņo to ENSO-neutral conditions.


For the latest status of the ENSO cycle see the ENSO Diagnostic Discussion at:

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Page Last Modified: July 2016
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