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Official 90-day Outlooks are issued once each month near mid-month at 8:30am Eastern Time. Please consult the schedule of 30 & 90-day outlooks for exact release dates.

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More Outlooks
    0.5mn JJA 2020
    1.5mn JAS 2020
    2.5mn ASO 2020
    3.5mn SON 2020
    4.5mn OND 2020
    5.5mn NDJ 2020
    6.5mn DJF 2020
    7.5mn JFM 2021
    8.5mn FMA 2021
    9.5mn MAM 2021
   10.5mn AMJ 2021
   11.5mn MJJ 2021
   12.5mn JJA 2021
    0.5mn Jun 2020


Tools Used (see Discussion for explanation)
   CCA
   OCN
   CMP
   SMT
   POE
 
HOME> Outlook Maps>Seasonal Forecast Discussion
 
Prognostic Discussion for Long-Lead Hawaiian Outlooks 
NWS Climate Prediction Center College Park MD
830AM EDT Thu May 21 2020

MONTHLY FORECAST DISCUSSION VALID JUNE 2020

Positive sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies from about positive one half to one degree Celsius are surrounding the Hawaiian Islands during the previous week.

For January through April 2020, rainfall total accumulations were:

- Lihue Airport 21.57 inches (157 percent of normal)
- Honolulu Airport 8.33 inches (120 percent of normal)
- Kahului Airport 9.38 Inches (107 percent of normal)
- Hilo Airport 57.21 Inches (131 percent of normal)

The NCEP Climate Forecast System (CFS) and other climate models of the North American Multi-Model Ensemble (NMME) predict above normal SSTs around the Hawaiian Islands for June 2020. This elevates the chances of above normal monthly mean air temperatures for Hawaii in June 2020. Most dynamical models from the NMME indicate Equal Chances (EC) for above, near or below normal precipitation over the Hawaiian Islands during June 2020.








 TEMPERATURE PRECIPITATION
  FCST AVE LIM FCST BLW MEDIAN ABV
Hilo A60 75.4 0.4 EC 5.3 6.3 8.7
Kahului A65 78.0 0.5 EC 0.1 0.1 0.2
Honolulu A70 80.3 0.4 EC 0.1 0.2 0.3
Lihue A70 78.1 0.4 EC 1.1 1.3 1.6

SEASONAL FORECAST DISCUSSION VALID JJA 2020 - JJA 2021

Refer to the prognostic discussion of the long-lead seasonal outlooks for the CONUS and Alaska for a description of the ENSO outlook and other climate conditions relevant to the seasonal outlook, including details on the current state of the atmosphere and ocean. ENSO-neutral conditions currently are present across the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Equatorial sea surface temperatures (SSTs) are above average across most of the western Pacific Ocean and near average across most of the eastern Pacific Ocean. Negative subsurface temperature anomalies strengthened and have shifted from the western to eastern Pacific Ocean, while positive subsurface temperatures anomalies have mostly dissipated. Tropical convection is suppressed over the Date Line and around Indonesia. Low-level wind anomalies were easterly in the east-central Pacific, and upper-level wind anomalies were westerly over the central and eastern portions of the basin. The tropical atmospheric circulation is generally consistent with ENSO-neutral. ENSO-neutral is likely to continue through Northern Hemisphere summer 2020 with probabilities about 65 percent and through autumn 2020 with probabilities about 45 to 50 percent.

Enhanced probabilities for above normal temperatures are indicated across the Hawaiian Islands in the outlook from JJA 2020 to OND 2020, due to predicted persistence of above normal sea surface temperatures in the NMME dynamical model forecasts, and supported by statistical models including the Constructed Analog (CA) and Optimal Climate Normals (OCN) through NDJ 2020. The signal weakens at longer leads, therefore Equal Chances (EC) for above, near or below normal temperatures are indicated for Hawaii in DJF 2021 and thereafter.

Now Hawaii is into a dry season. The NMME and the consolidation of dynamical and statistical tools also favor below normal precipitation from JJA 2020 through SON 2020 over all Hawaiian Islands, though some statistical tools such as the CA indicate above normal is more likely for Hawaii during this period. There is considerable uncertainty in the precipitation forecasts among available dynamical and statistical tools over the Hawaiian Islands in OND 2020 and longer leads, so equal chances (EC) for above, near or below normal precipitation are indicated.


















Hilo
TEMPERATURE PRECIPITATION
  FCST AVE LIM FCST BLW MEDIAN ABV
JJA 2020 A65 75.2 0.4 B60 19.4 27.2 31.4
JAS 2020 A60 76.1 0.4 B50 25.2 28.6 33.4
ASO 2020 A55 76.4 0.4 B45 26.1 28.8 33.3
SON 2020 A50 76.2 0.4 B40 24.3 30.2 40.8
OND 2020 A45 75.5 0.4 EC 28.3 34.5 42.0
NDJ 2020 A40 74.2 0.4 EC 26.4 36.6 43.0
DJF 2021 EC 72.8 0.4 EC 19.6 30.2 33.3
JFM 2021 EC 71.8 0.4 EC 22.0 32.0 44.5
FMA 2021 EC 71.7 0.4 EC 24.6 34.1 45.5
MAM 2021 EC 72.0 0.5 EC 22.5 28.4 34.0
AMJ 2021 EC 72.9 0.5 EC 21.4 23.7 29.0
MJJ 2021 EC 74.0 0.4 EC 20.2 27.5 29.1
JJA 2021 EC 75.2 0.4 EC 19.4 27.2 31.4

















Kahului
TEMPERATURE PRECIPITATION
  FCST AVE LIM FCST BLW MEDIAN ABV
JJA 2020 A65 77.7 0.4 B60 0.7 1.1 1.5
JAS 2020 A60 79.0 0.4 B50 0.8 1.1 1.6
ASO 2020 A55 79.4 0.4 B45 0.8 1.6 2.5
SON 2020 A50 79.1 0.4 B40 2.1 3.3 4.8
OND 2020 A45 77.8 0.4 EC 4.2 5.3 8.1
NDJ 2020 A40 75.9 0.4 EC 5.2 7.6 9.5
DJF 2021 EC 73.8 0.4 EC 4.6 6.9 8.7
JFM 2021 EC 72.5 0.4 EC 4.2 6.2 8.2
FMA 2021 EC 72.3 0.4 EC 3.2 4.1 6.4
MAM 2021 EC 73.0 0.4 EC 2.5 3.5 4.6
AMJ 2021 EC 74.3 0.5 EC 1.2 1.6 2.2
MJJ 2021 EC 76.0 0.5 EC 0.7 1.1 1.8
JJA 2021 EC 77.7 0.4 EC 0.7 1.1 1.5

















Honolulu
TEMPERATURE PRECIPITATION
  FCST AVE LIM FCST BLW MEDIAN ABV
JJA 2020 A65 79.9 0.4 B60 0.7 0.8 1.3
JAS 2020 A60 81.3 0.4 B50 1.0 1.4 1.7
ASO 2020 A55 81.7 0.4 B45 1.6 2.4 3.1
SON 2020 A50 81.4 0.4 B40 2.5 4.0 5.6
OND 2020 A45 80.0 0.4 EC 4.4 6.4 8.5
NDJ 2020 A40 77.7 0.5 EC 3.9 5.6 8.8
DJF 2021 EC 75.3 0.5 EC 3.7 5.6 8.6
JFM 2021 EC 73.9 0.4 EC 2.1 4.6 7.8
FMA 2021 EC 73.8 0.4 EC 1.9 3.2 4.7
MAM 2021 EC 74.8 0.4 EC 1.8 2.6 3.0
AMJ 2021 EC 76.3 0.4 EC 1.2 1.6 1.8
MJJ 2021 EC 78.2 0.4 EC 0.8 1.4 1.6
JJA 2021 EC 79.9 0.4 EC 0.7 0.8 1.3

















Lihue
TEMPERATURE PRECIPITATION
  FCST AVE LIM FCST BLW MEDIAN ABV
JJA 2020 A65 77.7 0.4 B60 4.4 5.3 6.9
JAS 2020 A60 79.0 0.3 B50 5.3 6.1 7.8
ASO 2020 A55 79.4 0.3 B45 6.2 7.9 8.4
SON 2020 A50 79.1 0.3 B40 9.2 10.0 11.2
OND 2020 A45 77.8 0.3 EC 9.2 11.7 15.6
NDJ 2020 A40 75.7 0.3 EC 8.6 12.1 16.9
DJF 2021 EC 73.6 0.4 EC 7.5 8.4 14.0
JFM 2021 EC 72.2 0.4 EC 6.5 8.8 13.8
FMA 2021 EC 72.1 0.5 EC 5.8 8.4 9.9
MAM 2021 EC 72.8 0.5 EC 5.3 6.6 8.0
AMJ 2021 EC 74.2 0.5 EC 4.7 5.5 6.0
MJJ 2021 EC 76.0 0.5 EC 4.9 5.4 5.9
JJA 2021 EC 77.7 0.4 EC 4.4 5.3 6.9

FORECASTER: Luke He

Anomalies are based on the 1981-2010 means.

CLARIFICATION: EC indicated equal chances that the predicted parameter will fall into any one of the three categories, whose boundaries are specific in the tables above. A forecast specification of EC means there is no particulate tilt of the odds toward above normal or below normal conditions in the outlook. For example A40 means a 40% chance that the average temperature or total precipitation will be in the above normal class, B40 means a 40% chance that the average temperature or total precipitation will be in the below normal class, and N35 means a 35% probability that the average temperature or total precipitation will be in the near normal class. When EC is specified, all categories are equally likely.

NOTE - These outlooks are intended for use prior to the start of the valid periods. Within any valid period, observations and shorter range forecasts should be consulted. Also, this set of outlooks will be superseded by the issuances of the new set net month, on Thu Jun 18, 2020.


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