Skip Navigation Links 
NOAA logo - Click to go to the NOAA home page National Weather Service   NWS logo - Click to go to the NWS home page
Climate Prediction Center

CPC Search
About Us
   Our Mission
   Who We Are

Contact Us
   CPC Information
   CPC Web Team

Official 90-day Outlooks are issued once each month near mid-month at 8:30am Eastern Time. Please consult the schedule of 30 & 90-day outlooks for exact release dates.

Text Discussions
   90day Prognostic
   30day Prognostic

More Outlooks
    0.5mn OND 2022
    1.5mn NDJ 2022
    2.5mn DJF 2022
    3.5mn JFM 2023
    4.5mn FMA 2023
    5.5mn MAM 2023
    6.5mn AMJ 2023
    7.5mn MJJ 2023
    8.5mn JJA 2023
    9.5mn JAS 2023
   10.5mn ASO 2023
   11.5mn SON 2023
   12.5mn OND 2023
    0.5mn Oct 2022

Tools Used (see Discussion for explanation)
HOME> Outlook Maps>Seasonal Forecast Discussion
Prognostic Discussion for Monthly Outlook 
NWS Climate Prediction Center College Park MD
830 AM EDT Thu Sep 15 2022


A review of background climate conditions continues to show established La Nina
conditions which are forecast to remain in place at least into the upcoming
winter months. Both the Nino4 and Nino3.4 latest sea surface temperature (SST)
values remain near -1.0 degrees C and tropical atmospheric conditions (i.e.,
convection/rainfall, low-level and upper-level winds) continue to be consistent
with La Nina. Although this is a monthly outlook and impacts from La Nina to
the mid-latitudes are generally weak at this time of the year, the La Nina base
state was considered in the October monthly outlook to some degree.

The MJO signal is not particularly coherent especially in certain indices such
as the RMM index which is being heavily influenced by interference from ongoing
La Nina conditions. Some predictions of other variables such as 200-hPa
velocity potential show some potential for more MJO organization as we enter
the month of October with the enhanced convective phase located in Phases
1-2-3. This may promote enhanced convection to develop in the Central America
and Caribbean region at a time of the year when primary tropical cyclone
development begins to shift from the eastern and central Atlantic westward to
these areas.

In addition to the considerations noted above, dynamical model guidance from
the North American Multi-Model Ensemble (NMME), Copernicus model suite (C3S)
and extended (30-day) ensemble model systems from the CFS, ECMWF and GEFS that
target the Week 3-4 period were utilized in preparing the outlook.

The October 2022 temperature outlook depicts favored above-normal monthly mean
temperatures for the majority of the CONUS with the only exception being the
far Pacific Northwest. The greatest odds are forecast for an area from the
central Rockies to the central Plains where the anomalously warm signal was
most consistent amongst all the forecast tools and potential La Nina influence.
The Week 3-4 dynamical model guidance and multiple linear regression forecast
tool (ENSO, MJO, trend as predictors) supported a warmer than average start to
October across the CONUS associated with forecast ridging and northward shifted
westerlies. For Alaska, the signals overall were quite weak and conflicting.
Slight tilts toward above-normal (below-normal) temperatures are depicted for
coastal northwest Alaska (south-central Alaska) driven primarily by long-term
trends (model guidance).

For the October 2022 precipitation outlook, elevated odds for below-normal
monthly total precipitation amounts is depicted from north-central California
eastward across the central Rockies to the central and southern Plains and
parts of the central Mississippi and Ohio Valley's. The La Nina base state,
dynamical model guidance and long term trends contributed to this outlook. A
slight tilt toward above-normal precipitation is shown for parts of Washington
and the Alaska panhandle associated with model guidance and potential La Nina
impacts. Probabilities in all locations are modest due to the low
predictability common during this time of the year.

Considerations of tropical moisture from the Gulf of Mexico or Caribbean Sea
region related to any potential intraseasonal influence noted above resulted in
an Equal Chances (EC) forecast for parts of the Gulf coast and Southeast
despite considerable forecast guidance favoring drier-than-normal
precipitation. There were weak and conflicting signals for mainland Alaska so
EC is currently forecast in this area.

FORECASTER: Jon Gottschalck

The climatic normals are based on conditions between 1991 and 2020, following
the World Meteorological Organization convention of using the most recent 3
complete decades as the climate reference period.  The probability anomalies
for temperature and precipitation based on these new normals better represent
shorter term climatic anomalies than the forecasts based on older normals.

An updated monthly outlook... for Oct will be issued on Fri September 30 2022

These outlooks are based on departures from the 1991-2020 base period.

NOAA/ National Weather Service
National Centers for Environmental Prediction
Climate Prediction Center
5200 Auth Road
Camp Springs, Maryland 20746
Climate Prediction Center Web Team
Page last modified: January 17, 2006
Information Quality
Privacy Policy
Freedom of Information Act
About Us
Career Opportunities