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Official 90-day Outlooks are issued once each month near mid-month at 8:30am Eastern Time. Please consult the schedule of 30 & 90-day outlooks for exact release dates.

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    0.5mn JJA 2019
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    0.5mn Jun 2019

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HOME> Outlook Maps>Seasonal Forecast Discussion
Prognostic Discussion for Monthly Outlook 
NWS Climate Prediction Center College Park MD
300 PM EDT Fri May 31 2019


For the month of June, El Nino is expected to continue, with a 70% chance that
El Nino conditions continue through Northern Hemisphere summer.  The
Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) is highly amplified, with the convectively
active phase over the eastern Indian Ocean. Linkages from the MJO to CONUS and
Alaska impacts are generally weak during June, so canonical downstream impacts
from an MJO are not a significant factor in the outlook. Recent heavy rains
leading to very high soil moisture and flooding are likely to play a role in
the evolution of temperatures over the central and southern Great Plains during
June, while recent dryness is likely a factor further north.

The updated temperature outlook maintains high chances of above normal
temperatures across Alaska. Contributing factors include above normal
sea-surface temperatures near the coast, trends , and shorter-term predictions
that have high confidence for warmer than normal conditions. Above normal
temperatures are still favored from California to Washington, though the odds
are slightly reduced due to a predicted colder than normal period during
Week-2, sandwiched between periods predicted to be warmer than normal. Recent
and predicted dryness favor above normal temperatures in the Northern Plains. A
period of warmth is predicted to move across the northern tier of the CONUS, so
the area where below normal temperatures are favored is shifted southward, and
now aligns with the most likely area of above normal precipitation.

The highest odds of above normal precipitation are from the Rio Grande Valley
into the central Great Plains, where predicted 7 day precipitation totals are
greater than the threshold for below normal precipitation for the climate
divisions in those regions. Probabilities have been increased from the
mid-month outlook. Model guidance depicts below normal precipitation across the
northern CONUS from the Great Plains to the Northeast, with the strongest
signal centered over North Dakota. This signal is an addition from the initial
outlook. Slight tilts toward drier than normal conditions in the Pacific
Northwest and wetter than normal in southern Alaska were in the initial
outlook, and reasoning remains unchanged.

The previous discussion for the June 2019 outlook, issued May 16, follows
The June 2019 outlook is based on various forecast tools, including dynamical
and statistical models, and observations of current boundary conditions. El
Nino is likely to continue through June, and the active phase of the
Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) is likely to have residual impacts across the
Americas, early in the month. Soil moisture conditions and the connection to
temperatures in following months are also taken into consideration for the

The temperature outlook for June reflects the dynamical model guidance from the
NMME suite, which includes the CFS, and the Week-3/4 outlooks from the CFS and
the ECMWF. The monthly mean output from those modeling suites indicate little
to no signal for many areas of the CONUS, and where there are stronger signals
on monthly time scales, lagged impacts from the active MJO would destructively
interfere. That destructive interference, along with the weak signals in the
models, results in large areas of Equal Chances in the outlook. The Week-3/4
model output have slightly stronger signals , which cover the first 1-2 weeks of

The signal for above normal temperatures across the Northwest is supported by
the dynamical models and trends , as well as potential feedback from recent
dryness in the Pacific Northwest. A residual impact from the MJO would support
troughing across the Western CONUS at the start of the month, so the signal for
above normal temperatures is scaled back, when compared to model output and
trends, across the Southwest and Great Basin. Model guidance and trends support
above normal temperatures from the Gulf Coast to the Northeast.

Across the center portions of the CONUS, near record to record level soil
moisture values are likely to have lagged impacts favoring below normal
temperatures. Those correlations are highest in the Plains, from South Dakota
to Texas, though there are some weaker signals that extend eastward to the Ohio

The precipitation outlooks from the dynamical models have a distinct signal
from the Southern High Plains to the Northern Great Plains and Northern
Rockies. High Soil moisture and precipitation are positively correlated in the
Plains, while El Nino supports the signal into the Rockies. One area where the
June monthly outlook differs from the June-July-August outlook is over southern
Arizona and California.  The potential for a the active MJO to help trigger a
late May tropical cyclone, leading to a surge of moisture in the Gulf of
California is highlighted in some statistical model tools. The June outlook
reflects that wetter signal during a relatively dry month for that area, while
the seasonal outlook has to consider the entire summer season.

Above normal temperatures are favored for Alaska, where trends are quite
strong. Odds are highest along the west coast of Alaska where sea ice is at
record lows and sea surface temperatures (SSTs) are above normal. The
precipitation outlook for Alaska has significantly less certainty than the
temperature outlook. The NMME suite has little to signal in the calibrated
model guidance for mainland Alaska. Some of the statistical tools favor below
normal precipitation for the Alaska Panhandle, and that signal is included.
Above normal precipitation is forecast for south-central and southwest Alaska,
though the signal is spotty and weak.

FORECASTER: Matthew Rosencrans

The climatic normals are based on conditions between 1981 and 2010, following
the World Meteorological Organization convention of using the most recent 3
complete decades as the climate reference period.  The probability anomalies
for temperature and precipitation based on these new normals better represent
shorter term climatic anomalies than the forecasts based on older normals.

The next monthly outlook...for Jul ... will be issued on Thu Jun 20 2019

These outlooks are based on departures from the 1981-2010 base period.

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